How to Run Laravel on DigitalOcean?

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To run Laravel on DigitalOcean, follow these steps:

  1. Create a Droplet: Start by creating a new Droplet on DigitalOcean. Choose the appropriate server size, region, and operating system (e.g., Ubuntu).
  2. Connect to the Droplet: Once the Droplet is created, you can connect to it using SSH. Open your terminal and enter the following command: ssh root@your_droplet_ip_address
  3. Update the System: After connecting to the Droplet, update the system packages by running the following commands: sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get upgrade
  4. Install LEMP Stack: Laravel requires a LEMP (Linux, Nginx, MySQL, PHP) stack to run. Install Nginx, MySQL, and PHP by executing these commands: sudo apt-get install nginx sudo apt-get install mysql-server sudo apt-get install php-fpm php-mysql
  5. Configure Nginx: Configure Nginx to work with Laravel. Open the default Nginx configuration file: sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/default Update the root and index directives to the Laravel's public directory: root /var/www/html/public; index index.php index.html index.htm; Save the changes and exit the editor.
  6. Configure PHP: Enable PHP processing by opening the PHP configuration file: sudo nano /etc/php/7.4/fpm/php.ini Locate the line cgi.fix_pathinfo=1 and change it to cgi.fix_pathinfo=0. Save and exit the file.
  7. Install Composer: Composer is a dependency manager for PHP. Install Composer globally by executing these commands: cd ~ curl -sS -o composer-setup.php sudo php composer-setup.php --install-dir=/usr/local/bin --filename=composer Test the installation by running composer -V and ensuring it displays the Composer version.
  8. Clone your Laravel project: If you have your Laravel project hosted on a Git repository, clone it to your Droplet using the following command: cd /var/www/html git clone .
  9. Install project dependencies: Move into the project's root directory and install the project dependencies using Composer: composer install
  10. Set appropriate file permissions: Set the correct file permissions for the Laravel application by running: sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/storage
  11. Set up the database: Create a new database for your Laravel application and update the database configuration in the .env file located in the project's root directory.
  12. Run database migrations: Migrate the database structure by executing the following command: php artisan migrate
  13. Configure Nginx server blocks: Create a new Nginx server block configuration file for your Laravel application: sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/your_domain.conf Copy and paste the following Nginx server block configuration, adjusting it as necessary: server { listen 80; server_name; root /var/www/html/public; index index.php index.html index.htm; location / { try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$query_string; } location ~ \.php$ { include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf; fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/php7.4-fpm.sock; } location ~ /\.ht { deny all; } }
  14. Enable the Nginx server block: Enable the server block configuration by creating a symbolic link: sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/your_domain.conf /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/
  15. Restart Nginx: Restart Nginx to apply the configuration changes: sudo service nginx restart

That's it! Laravel should now be running on your DigitalOcean Droplet.

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How to enable caching for a Laravel app on DigitalOcean?

To enable caching for a Laravel app on DigitalOcean, you can follow these steps:

  1. Install and configure Redis as a caching driver. Connect to your server using SSH. Update the package manager: sudo apt update. Install Redis: sudo apt install redis-server. Open the Redis configuration file: sudo nano /etc/redis/redis.conf. Find the supervised directive and change it to systemd. Save the file and exit. Restart Redis: sudo systemctl restart redis.
  2. Install the predis/predis library via Composer: In your project root directory, run: composer require predis/predis.
  3. Update the .env file to use Redis as the caching driver: Open the .env file in your project. Find the CACHE_DRIVER variable and set it to redis. Save the file and exit.
  4. Configure Laravel to use Redis as a caching driver: Open the config/cache.php file in your project. Find the redis configuration array and set the appropriate Redis connection details (host, port, password, etc.). Save the file and exit.
  5. Clear the application cache: In your project root directory, run: php artisan cache:clear.
  6. Enable caching in your Laravel application: In your application code, use Laravel's caching functions and methods as desired. For example, you can use the cache() helper function or the Cache facade.

By following these steps, you should be able to enable caching for your Laravel app on DigitalOcean using Redis as the caching driver. Remember to test and monitor the caching functionality to ensure it is working as expected.

How to import/export a MySQL database on DigitalOcean droplet?

To import/export a MySQL database on a DigitalOcean droplet, you can follow these steps:

  1. Connect to your DigitalOcean droplet through SSH using a tool like PuTTY (for Windows) or the Terminal (for macOS/Linux).
  2. Once connected, log in to your MySQL server by running the following command and providing your MySQL root user's password when prompted:
mysql -u root -p

  1. To export a MySQL database, use the mysqldump command. The following command exports a database called database_name to a file called database_name.sql:
mysqldump -u root -p database_name > database_name.sql

Replace root with your MySQL username and database_name with the name of the database you want to export.

  1. To import a MySQL database, make sure you have the SQL dump file (e.g., database_name.sql). Then run the following command to create an empty database:
mysql -u root -p -e "CREATE DATABASE database_name;"

Replace root with your MySQL username and database_name with the desired name for the new database.

  1. Finally, to import the database, use the mysql command with the following syntax:
mysql -u root -p database_name < database_name.sql

Replace the three instances of database_name with the name of the database you want to import.

After executing these steps, the export or import process should be completed. Make sure to replace the placeholders with appropriate values based on your environment.

How to create a new MySQL user and database on DigitalOcean droplet?

To create a new MySQL user and database on a DigitalOcean droplet, follow these steps:

  1. Connect to your droplet through SSH.
  2. Log in to the MySQL server using the command: mysql -u root -p
  3. Enter your MySQL root password when prompted.
  4. Create a new database using the following command: CREATE DATABASE dbname; Replace dbname with your desired database name.
  5. Create a new user with a password using the command: CREATE USER 'username'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password'; Replace username and password with your preferred username and password.
  6. Grant all privileges to the new user for the database using the command: GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON dbname.* TO 'username'@'localhost'; Replace dbname and username with the appropriate values.
  7. Flush the privileges using the command: FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
  8. Type exit to exit the MySQL shell.

You have now successfully created a new MySQL user and database on your DigitalOcean droplet.

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